Article written by Dr. Alin Pandea – orthopedic and traumatology specialist
Fractures represent the disruption of bone continuity and can fall into two categories:
1. With the movement of bone fragments or
2. No movement – so-called cracks.
Fractures are most common in children and the elderly because their bone density is lower.
The symptoms of a fracture are:
✓ Difficulty moving the affected limb
✓ Swelling (inflammation)
If you suffer a fracture or provide first aid to a person who has suffered a fracture, it is important to immobilize the affected area to minimize movement. If bleeding occurs, it should be stopped with an improvised tourniquet or by applying pressure to the bleeding area.
If possible, apply ice locally to reduce inflammation.
If you suspect a fracture in the spine, it is important not to move the injured person unless there is a risk of further injury.
Depending on the location of the fracture and its nature, but also on the age and level of activity of the patient, the treatment is decided:
✓ Orthopedic – splint or plaster cast, elastic band etc
✓ Surgical – fixing bone fragments with screws, rods, plates, etc.
On average, a fracture takes 6-12 weeks to heal.
An untreated or improperly treated fracture causes chronic pain.